Have you ever heard a Koes Plus song called Kolam Susu? If there is, people should know the saying, “Our land is heaven, and sticks and stones become grass.” This song directly explains how fertile Indonesia's soil is. Trees and stone sticks can also be plants.
Soil fertility plays an important role in Indonesia's abundant natural resources. Indonesia is home to many different types of plants, from flowering plants, seed plants, spices and tubers to rare and increasingly rare plants.
Rare Plants In Indonesia
In order to protect rare plants, it would be better for local governments to conserve them. This is done to better preserve the already rare plants and avoid extinction. For those who don't know which plants are considered rare and need to be protected, here's the list.
Sandalwood is a versatile plant because it has many benefits. Sandalwood can be used as an ingredient in perfumery, aromatherapy, spice, incense and keris (Warranka). In fact, the fragrant scent of the sandalwood plant can last for a very long time.
Sandalwood plants are in high demand, but unfortunately, sandalwood is not an easy plant to grow. Sandalwood buds are parasitic plants that need parasites to survive. This is what makes sandalwood plants hard to find today.
Perhaps you are not familiar with this rare plant. However, although the name is not heard often, Tengkawang is the plant that has become the mascot for West Kalimantan.
The Tengkawang plant is not only famous as the mascot for West Kalimantan, it is also known for its many benefits. Parts of this plant can be processed as raw materials for food, lubricants, traditional medicines and cosmetics. Unfortunately, the Tengkawang plant is no longer cultivated. Until this plant with countless benefits is on the verge of extinction.
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3. Benzoin Edelweiss
The next rare plant is the Javanese Edelweiss. The Java Edelweiss plant is also known as the Senduro flower. The habitat of these flowers around the mountains of Java Island usually grows after volcanic eruptions. Today, you can admire the beauty of Java Edelweiss in Tegal Alun (Pandayan Mountain), Surya Kencana (Gunung Gede), Medalawangi (Pangrango Mountain) and Plawangan Sembalun (Rinjani Mountain).
The most interesting thing about this rare plant is its ability to retain its freshness even after being picked from the stem. But it is also the reason why the Javanese Edelweiss is a souvenir of choice for hikers. As a result, Java edelweiss plants are now classified as rare plants that need to be preserved.
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4. Corpse Flower
You might think that Carrion Flower and Rafflesia Arnoldi are the same plant, but they are actually different. They both have one thing in common: they emit an unpleasant odor. But in fact, Carrion flower and Rafflesia Arnoldi are different plants.
The stench of the corpse flower means that beetles and flies can fall on the petals of the corpse flower, making it easier to pollinate. The rotted flower is one of the largest flowers in the world, and it can grow up to 5 meters in height.
Also called Bulian or Ironwood, this tree is one of Indonesia's rare plants that grows in the land of Kalimantan. Ironwood can produce very strong wood. Therefore, it is not surprising that Ironwood is often used in building materials such as bridges, houses, ships, etc. Unfortunately, the breeding of ironwood trees is very difficult. If their original habitat is difficult to find, their numbers will decrease.
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6. Cima Bag
You can find this rare plant in many rainforests of Sumatra and Kalimantan. Semar cysts are omnivorous because they can eat a variety of insects. The cymar sac must wait until it becomes an adult to eat the insect.
These carnivorous plants have nectar glands on the lids of their pouches. If many insects are trapped, the bag is immediately closed. The semen sacs then digest the insects for nutrients.
7. Rafflesia Arnoldi
Rafflesia arnoldi is a huge flower with a spicy scent. Rafflesia flowers grow laterally wide in inflorescences when the diameter of the inflorescence reaches 1 m and weighs up to 10 kg.
It takes up to 9 months to get large flowers. However, this flower blooms only for 7 days and withers and dies. These flowers cannot live directly in the soil.
Its survival is highly dependent on the host plant. Rafflesia flowers can be easily found in Bengkulu, Jambi and South Sumatra.
It is a rare plant found in Indonesia. Now that it has attained the status of a rare plant, it is time for all of us to preserve this plant so that all Indonesians can enjoy its beauty.